The Bulletin


News

Ko ngā akoranga o te Ngaru Kōrea mō te whakarauoratanga o te reo

  • Written by Rachael Ka'ai-Mahuta, Senior Lecturer in Māori Language Revitalisation, Auckland University of Technology

Editor’s note: This article marks Māori Language Week/Te Wiki o te Reo Māori[1]. You can read the full article in English here[2].

Nō te tīmatanga o tēnei tau, i tūtaki au ki tētahi tangata nō Tāmaki-makau-rau, nā tōna ngākaunui ki te ao K-pop i a ia e taitamariki ana i tipu ai te aroha ki te reo me te ahurea Kōrea, nāwai nāwai ka tahuri ia ki te ako i te reo Kōrea hei reo tuarua.

Nā konā taku whakaaro he aha ētahi akoranga hei tautoko i te whakarauoratanga o te reo Māori. Inarā, i runga anō i te hiranga o ngā taitamariki i aua mahi whakarauora, he aha ngā akoranga o te āhuatanga e kīia nei ko te “Ngaru Kōrea[3]” me tana whakararu i te reo Pākehā hei reo matua i te ahurea o te marea?

Kua tīmatahia kētia ngā mahi o tēnei kaupapa. Ko te iho o tā Tākuta Hinurewa Poutu rangahau Kairangi o te tau 2015, ko te āta waihanga i ētahi kaupapa kia kite ai te rangatahi i te “pārekareka” o te reo Māori[4].

Hei tāna[5] i taua wā:

Mātua whakamahi ai te reo Pākehā i ngā wā o te whakahoahoa, i te mea kāore he nui ngā wā e rongo ai i te reo Māori i ngā wā whakahoahoa, te ako rānei i ngā kīanga Māori o te pahupahu ki ō hoa, o te whakaipoipo, me te tākaro. Mō te nuinga o ngā tamariki, ka kōrerotia te reo Māori i ngā wā ōkawa anake.

Kia pārekareka te reo Māori

Ka hipa te rima tau, e kawe ana a Te Ipukarea o AUT i tētahi kaupapa rangahau me te pātai me pēhea e kaha ake ai te taunaki o te reo Māori i te oranga o te rangatahi. He kaupapa tēnei i tautokona e te pūtea o Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga[6], ko tōna ariā, ko te reo o te taiohi te tūāpapa o te reo ōpaki o te pakeke.

Arā, ko te reo ōpaki o te whakahoahoa, o te whakakatakata, o te whakaipoipo, o ngā kare ā-roto, me te hauora hinengaro, te kaiwhakamahere i te reo pakeke o ia rā.

Ko Maimoa tētahi kāhui kaiwaiata rangatahi “kua whakakotahi ki te whakawhānui i te puna waiata Māori”.

E whakaatu ana ā mātou kitenga tuatahi i te hiranga rautaki o te reanga rangatahi i ngā kaupapa whakarauora i te reo Māori. Ko te taitamariki he reanga whakatau he aha te haere - nā reira, he pānga nui a rātou (me te whakaaweawetia nuitia o rātou) ki te wāriu matawhānui o te reo Māori, arā, ki tōna mana.

Heoi anō, e whakaatu ana ngā hua o tētahi atu rangahau[7] o Te Ipukarea, inā te ngōuruuru o ngā rauemi reo Māori me ngā kaupapa reo Māori (ngā pakimaero, ngā hōtaka pouaka whakaata, ngā waiata, ngā kēmu) e hāngai ana ki tēnei reanga.

Read more: K-pop fans are creative, dedicated and social - we should take them seriously[8]

Ka tino kitea tēnei i te wā ka whakataurite ki ngā rauemi o te reanga tamariki, arā, o ngā ākonga kōhungahunga.

I a tātou e whakaaro ana, he aha i kīia ai tētahi mea he mea “pārekareka”, nā, mārama ana te kite i te whakaaweawe o te ao ngahau, o ngā pae pāho pāpori, me te ahurea o te marea, i ngā rangatahi. Nō taku tūtakitanga ki te pia reo Kōrea, aroha nui ki te K-pop, i tīmata ai au ki te whakaaro ka pēhea te kaupapa whakarauora reo Māori whakaoho ai i taua reanga rā: arā, te rangatahi whakatau he aha te haere, whakatipu apataki whakamaimoa.

Te wero i te whakatuanuitanga o te reo Pākehā

E wero atu ana te Ngaru Kōrea i te whakatuanui o te reo Pākehā hei reo matua i te ao ahurea o te marea. Ko te rongonui o te K-pop, o ngā K-drama (he maha ngā hōtaka kua hokona e Netlix[9], he kaha hoki tā rātou tuku i te pūtea tautoko), me ngā kiriata pēnei i a Parasite (te kiriata whakaihuwaka ki ngā Oscars 2020, te kiriata “reo tauiwi” tuatahi ki te whakawhiwhia ki tēnei taonga), i waenga i ngā iwi atu i a Kōrea e whakaatu ana ehara te reo i te tauārai nui[10] pēnei i ngā wā o mua.

Te kiriata whakaihuwaka ahakoa te reo: Ka toa a Parasite i te Oscar 2020.

Kua hanumi noa ēnei momo whakangahau me te ahurea whānui o te marea. Hei tauira, tērā te rōpū Kōrea o BTS (e kīia ana i ētahi wā ko Bangtan Boys) - i tēnei wā tonu, ko rātou tētahi o ngā tino rōpū pao nui o te ao[11], he rite tonu tā rātou eke ki ngā taumata pao, me te poipoi i tētahi apataki whakahara ao whānui.

Read more: Māori loanwords in NZ English are less about meaning, more about identity[12]

Ka taea e BTS te waiata ki te reo Pākehā, engari i te nuinga o te wā ko ā rātou waiata me ā rātou momo kaupapa pāpāho katoa (he hōtaka ngahau, he hōtaka tipi haere, he kiriata, he hōtaka o ngā mahi atu i ngā mahi o te atamira) ka waihanga ki te reo Kōrea. I tēnei tau i whakaputa i a rātou te rauemi Learn Korean with BTS, he tohu e whakaatu ana i te hāngai o te Ngaru Kōrea me te nui haere o te hunga e hiahia ana ki te ako[13] i te reo Kōrea.

Te aro atu ki tētahi ngaru Māori hou

E ariari mai ana ngā rerekētanga o te reo Kōrea ki te reo Māori. Kei te whakamāui tonu te reo Māori, he reo ririki, engari te reo Kōrea, neke atu i te 50 miriona ngā kaikōrero ki Kōrea ki te Tonga anake.

Heoi anō, mehemea e whakakipakipatia ana te rangatahi o Aotearoa e te ahurea o te marea o Kōrea ki te ako i te reo Kōrea[14], mā te aha i te māramatanga ka ahu mai i ngā akoranga ka taea e te kaupapa whakarauora reo Māori te ako mai i te Ngaru Kōrea.

Read more: Kia ora: how Māori borrowings shape New Zealand English[15]

Ko te Ngaru Kōrea anō te whakatinanatanga o te angitu o te rautaki matua i kōkiritia e te kāwanatanga[16] o Kōrea ki te whakahorapa i tō rātou ahurea ki te ao me te whakakaha i tōna “mana whakaaweawe[17]”. Inarā, ko te whāinga o Kōrea, kia tū ko rātou te ahurea pārekareka katoa huri noa i te ao.

Ki te whai haere i tērā whakaaro, me mātāmua te tautoko mārika o te waihanga rauemi reo Māori mō te ahurea o te marea, i roto i ngā mahere katoa kua whakaritea mō te whakapoapoa i te reanga taiohi.

Ko taku tumanako, tērā tētahi rā, ka rite tonu te eke o ngā waiata reo Māori ki ngā taumata pao, ka kī pohapoha taku rārangi Netflix ki ngā hōtaka reo Māori, ā, ka whakatairangatia, ka whakanuitia hoki tētahi kiriata reo Māori rite tonu ki te kiriata Kōrea, ki a Parasite.

References

  1. ^ Te Wiki o te Reo Māori (www.tewikiotereomaori.co.nz)
  2. ^ here (theconversation.com)
  3. ^ Ngaru Kōrea (www.korea.net)
  4. ^ te “pārekareka” o te reo Māori (www.youtube.com)
  5. ^ Hei tāna (www.massey.ac.nz)
  6. ^ Ngā Pae o te Māramatanga (www.maramatanga.co.nz)
  7. ^ tētahi atu rangahau (www.teipukarea.maori.nz)
  8. ^ K-pop fans are creative, dedicated and social - we should take them seriously (theconversation.com)
  9. ^ he maha ngā hōtaka kua hokona e Netlix (asiatimes.com)
  10. ^ ehara te reo i te tauārai nui (variety.com)
  11. ^ tino rōpū pao nui o te ao (www.forbes.com)
  12. ^ Māori loanwords in NZ English are less about meaning, more about identity (theconversation.com)
  13. ^ te nui haere o te hunga e hiahia ana ki te ako (www.bbc.com)
  14. ^ te ako i te reo Kōrea (www.forbes.com)
  15. ^ Kia ora: how Māori borrowings shape New Zealand English (theconversation.com)
  16. ^ te rautaki matua i kōkiritia e te kāwanatanga (theconversation.com)
  17. ^ mana whakaaweawe (thediplomat.com)

Read more https://theconversation.com/kia-parekareka-te-reo-maori-ko-nga-akoranga-o-te-ngaru-korea-mo-te-whakarauoratanga-o-te-reo-146198

News Bulletin

In war-torn Syria, the coronavirus pandemic has brought its people to the brink of starvation

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad may have successfully warded off a nine-year rebellion[1] against his government, but he is being tested with eco...

Mehmet Ozalp, Associate Professor in Islamic Studies, Director of The Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation and Executive Member of Public and Contextual Theology, Charles Sturt University - avatar Mehmet Ozalp, Associate Professor in Islamic Studies, Director of The Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation and Executive Member of Public and Contextual Theology, Charles Sturt University

Government extends COVID health initiatives at $2 billion cost

The government is extending the COVID health measures for a further six months, until the end of March, in its latest acknowledgement that pandemi...

Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra - avatar Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra

Morrison signs up to the gas gospel, but the choir is not in tune

If Labor were threatening to build a power station, the Liberals would likely be screaming “socialists”.As for a Coalition government cont...

Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra - avatar Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra

Can we use the RAAF to bring home stranded Aussies overseas?

Richard Wainwright/AAPAmid mounting concern about Australians stranded overseas during COVID-19, Labor leader Anthony Albanese has offered a solution...

Peter Layton, Visiting Fellow Griffith Asia Institute, Griffith University - avatar Peter Layton, Visiting Fellow Griffith Asia Institute, Griffith University

David Koch interview with Soctt Morrison

DAVID KOCH: Prime Minister, Scott Morrison, thanks for your time. How concerned are you that so many Australians are still stuck overseas?   ...

Scott Morrison - avatar Scott Morrison

New Zealand's election becomes a 'third referendum' on Jacinda Ardern's leadership

GettyImagesThe delay to the New Zealand election date — to which not every country’s citizenry would have adjusted with such alacrity &mda...

Stephen Levine, Professor, Political Science and International Relations, Te Herenga Waka — Victoria University of Wellington - avatar Stephen Levine, Professor, Political Science and International Relations, Te Herenga Waka — Victoria University of Wellington

Temporary migrants describe anguish of exclusion and racism during COVID-19

In early April, Prime Minister Scott Morrison sent a clear message[1] to temporary visa holders that if they were no longer financially solvent to...

Bassina Farbenblum, Associate professor, UNSW - avatar Bassina Farbenblum, Associate professor, UNSW

Government targets emerging technologies with $1.9 billion, saying renewables can stand on own feet

The government has unveiled a $1.9 billion package of investments in new and emerging technologies, and reinforced its message that it is time to ...

Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra - avatar Michelle Grattan, Professorial Fellow, University of Canberra

In war-torn Syria, the coronavirus pandemic has brought its people to the brink of starvation

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad may have successfully warded off a nine-year rebellion[1] against his government, but he...

Government extends COVID health initiatives at $2 billion cost

The government is extending the COVID health measures for a further six months, until the end of March, in its latest ack...

Morrison signs up to the gas gospel, but the choir is not in tune

If Labor were threatening to build a power station, the Liberals would likely be screaming “socialists”.As for a ...

Writers Wanted



News Company Media Core

Content & Technology Connecting Global Audiences

More Information - Less Opinion